Professional Conservator-Restorer

The profession of conservation-restoration (stated as such because the same discipline is called “conservation” in the English speaking countries and “restoration” in the Romance and Germanic speaking countries). Despite there are newly developing ideas on the way to distinguish between them.

Conservation includes the processes of documentation, preventive conservation, analysis/examination, cleaning and stabilising the reactions between the artefacts and their environment as well as education and research.[1][2] Maintenance on a permanent basis is also considered an aspect of conservation.[3]Conservation is time consuming and expensive but the responsibility is there to project the important historic data to future generations. Conservation should respect the cultural property, its unique character and significance, as well as the people or person who created it.

Restoration is starting to be considered as being the physical repair of damaged objects and the replacement of missing parts. Conservation should generally always precede restoration. When restoration is done the original surfaces, form and dimensions should be preserved.[7] Restoration is based on respect for original material and authentic documents and if any extra work, which has to be indispensable done must be distinct and must bear a contemporary stamp.[8]

[1] Hamilton, Donny L., (1999) File1: 6-7
[2] AIC (American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works) Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice, (1994),
[3] The Venice Charter, (1964) Article 4
[4] Kirby Talley Jr M., Melucco Vaccaro Alessandra, Stanley Price Nicholas, (1996), 230
[5] Hamilton, Donny L., (1999) File1: 1
[6] Hamilton, Donny L., (1999) File1: 3
[7] Hamilton, Donny L., (1999) File1: 6-7
[8] The Venice Charter, (1964) Article 9